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Ukrainian Catholic leader invites Pope, says visit could bring peace

Ukraine archbishop

Ukraine leader: Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk of Kiev-Halych, leader of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, gives the homily during a Divine Liturgy for Ukrainian expatriates at the Basilica of St Mary Major in Rome on February 19.
Photo: CNS/Paul Haring

THE head of the Ukrainian Catholic Church invited Pope Francis to visit the war-torn nation, saying it would help bring peace.

“It would be a prophetic gesture that would show the power of prayer and Christian solidarity, give us courage and hope, and build a better future for everyone,” major archbishop of Kiev-Halych Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk said.

On behalf of Catholics, Orthodox Christians and “people of goodwill” in Ukraine, the archbishop personally invited the Pope, telling journalists on February 23 that such a visit would “bring peace to that part of Eastern Europe soaked with the blood of so many martyrs for the unity of the Church”.

The archbishop was in Rome following an “ad limina” visit from February 16-21 in which bishops from Ukraine’s Eastern and Latin-rite traditions reported to the Pope and the Vatican on the state of their dioceses.

Archbishop Shevchuk spoke to journalists about the bishops’ February 20 meeting with Pope Francis.

He said the Pope “truly listened to us with a paternal heart”, asking to hear about how the Ukrainian people, including their “Orthodox brothers and sisters”, were facing the current conflict and crisis.

After their closed-door talks with the Pope, Archbishop Shevchuk said the “our bishops felt not only welcomed, but also encouraged and above all reaffirmed that we have taken the right position” during the recent turmoil in Ukraine – that is, the position of “being at the side of one’s people, having the smell of sheep, listening carefully to the voice of our people – this is what the Holy Father asks us to do”.

“Ukraine is the victim” in this war with Russia, and “often Ukrainians feel abandoned, betrayed by politicians, big diplomats, by the powerful of this world”. But he said their meeting with the Pope left them feeling that “the Holy Father is with us, he gives witness to us that God is always on the side of those who suffer”, he said. “We go home full of hope.”

In a written address that was handed out to the bishops, the Pope told them to focus on the social and human tragedies unfolding in their country and avoid politicising their role as Church leaders. He asked the bishops to work together and be a clear moral voice calling for peace and harmony as well as strong defenders of families, the poor and weak.

The Pope assured the bishops of his prayers and concerns about the “serious conflict” in their nation and the numerous innocent victims and suffering it has caused.

“In this period, as I have assured you on many occasions directly and through cardinal envoys, I am particularly close to you with my prayer for the deceased and for all those affected by the violence, with prayer to the Lord that he may soon grant peace,” he said.

Pope Francis said he continued to appeal to “all sides concerned” to respect international law and carry out their agreements, especially a recent cease-fire deal.

“In these circumstances, what is important is to listen carefully to the voices that come from the places where the people who are entrusted to your pastoral care live” because it was by listening to one’s own flock that they would be able to help uphold the community’s values of “encounter, collaboration, the ability to settle controversies”, he wrote.

Archbishop Shevchuk said the path the Pope was indicating was “right – to be at the side of your people and listen to the voice of the people”, and that it was the same approach the bishops had been taking the whole time by addressing social injustices and not supporting any political party.

When it came to ecumenical dialogue aimed at peace, he said it had been very difficult to get the Russian Orthodox Church’s Moscow Patriarchate to help advocate an end to the violence.

He said this had caused the many Russian Orthodox in Ukraine to question “how come these brothers of the same Church, or as Pope Francis says, of the same baptism, come to our land to kill us?”

“If pastors are not able to listen to the voice of their flock and respect the sensitivity of their faithful, well, it becomes more difficult. If the Church hierarchy takes the side of those with power against their own people, they lose their credibility,” he said.

The archbishop said the bishops’ visit to the Pope and the Vatican Secretariat of State was an important opportunity to tell them “the truth” about the ongoing crisis: that it was not a civil war but “a foreign invasion, a war imposed on us from the outside”.

They told Vatican officials that some of the terms that had been used – for example, when the Pope said on February 4 the conflict was a “fratricide”, a war between Christians baptised in the same faith – had been extremely painful to the people of Ukraine because it echoed the rhetoric in the Russian position on the conflict.

He said Christian values can be manipulated by Russian authorities “for political motives”, adding that no state policy or propaganda that “sacrifices millions of human beings for geopolitical aims respects Christian values”.

He said he told the Pope how more than 2 million people had been displaced by the fighting, among them 140,000 children. He said more than 6000 people, mostly civilians, had been killed to date and another 12,500 people physically wounded.

“The Pope was touched by these numbers”, especially by how many children were being affected.

Through Caritas Ukraine, the Church was helping more than 40,000 people a day, Archbishop Shevchuk said. The people had opened their hearts to the Church as a “stable point of reference” during so much confusion and misguidance, he said.

The Church had become a true “field hospital” as so many people were suffering spiritually and psychologically from anxiety, depression and post-traumatic disorder, which had become as real a threat to human lives as “the Russian-built missiles”, he said.


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