ARRIVING in Sri Lanka, a country recovering from two-and-a-half decades of ethnic and religious civil war, Pope Francis said reconciliation would require its people to explore their painful recent history and accept persistent differences within their multicultural society.
“The process of healing also needs to include the pursuit of truth, not for the sake of opening old wounds, but rather as a necessary means of promoting justice, healing and unity,” the Pope said yesterday (January 13) at an arrival ceremony at Colombo’s international airport.
Pope Francis addressed his words to Sri Lanka’s new president, Maithripala Sirisena, who was elected on January 8 and sworn in the next day. During his campaign, Mr Sirisena promised an independent investigation into war crimes allegedly committed during the 26-year struggle between government forces and rebels belonging to the country’s Tamil minority.
In his remarks to the Pope, Mr Sirisena noted that during the last papal visit, by St John Paul II in 1995, “Sri Lanka was embroiled in annihilating terrorism, following the mayhem caused by the terrorists in the daily lives of the people” – a reference to the Tamil Tigers, finally defeated in 2009 by the military under Mr Sirisena’s predecessor, President Mahinda Rajapaksa.
The war divided Sri Lanka along religious as well as ethnic lines, since members of the Sinhalese majority are typically Buddhist, and Tamils for the most part Hindu. Catholics, who make up seven per cent of the country’s population, include members of both ethnic groups. Mr Rajapaksa, who sought re-election on January 8, had his political base in the country’s Sinhalese-Buddhist majority. Mr Sirisena enjoys more support among minorities.
“Sri Lanka for many years knew the horrors of civil strife and is now seeking to consolidate peace and to heal the scars of those years,” Pope Francis said, his voice hoarse and weary-sounding after the 10-hour flight from Rome. “I am convinced that the followers of the various religious traditions have an essential role to play in the delicate process of reconciliation and rebuilding which is taking place in this country.”
That afternoon, the Pope met with local Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and other Christian leaders, telling them that efforts at “inter-religious and ecumenical relations take on a particular significance and urgency in Sri Lanka”, as sources of “healing and unity” after years of “civil strife and violence”.
Again, he sounded a note of realism, stressing that dialogue could not eliminate cultural differences but would emphasise the need for their acceptance.
“For such dialogue and encounter to be effective, it must be grounded in a full and forthright presentation of our respective convictions. Certainly, such dialogue will accentuate how varied our beliefs, traditions and practices are. But if we are honest in presenting our convictions, we will be able to see more clearly what we hold in common,” the Pope said. “Men and women do not have to forsake their identity, whether ethnic or religious, in order to live in harmony.”
The Pope urged followers of different religions to co-operate in social service, providing for the “material and spiritual needs of the poor, the destitute” and thus “rebuild the moral foundations of society as a whole”.
At the inter-religious meeting, held at a Colombo conference centres, a Hindu leader, speaking the Tamil language, voiced hopes for lasting peace and draped a saffron silk shawl over Pope Francis’ shoulders.
A representative of the local Muslim community condemned “terrorism, racism, extremism”, including recent killings by Islamist militants at a Paris newspaper and a military-run school in Pakistan.
A Buddhist monk, representing the faith of 70 per cent of Sri Lanka’s population, noted the common dedication of great religions to the values of love, self-sacrifice and peace, as well as the common susceptibility of humanity to hatred and violence.
Pope Francis’ first day in Sri Lanka started when his plane from Rome landed at 9am. He was greeted by traditional dancers and drummers, a 21-gun salute and a choir of teenagers who sang a song of welcome in English, the same language the Pope and Mr Sirisena used for their remarks. Girls in white dresses and boys in neckties and shorts waved gold-and-white Vatican flags. Nearby stood 40 elephants draped in colourful fabrics, a traditional gesture of honour for distinguished guests.
The Pope’s entourage, led by Vatican secretary of state Cardinal Pietro Parolin, wore white cassocks, keeping with the ecclesiastical custom in tropical climates.
The Pope rode to the nuncio’s residence in an open-sided popemobile past crowds waving Vatican flags. A persistent breeze made it impossible for him to keep his zucchetto on for much of the ride. Because the Pope made frequent stops to greet and bless individuals along the way, his ride took twice as long as expected, leading him to cancel a meeting with Sri Lanka’s bishops planned for early afternoon.
The day marked the start of Pope Francis’ second trip to Asia, following a visit to South Korea in August. He was scheduled to spend two full days in Sri Lanka, before flying to the Philippines tomorrow (January 15).The highlights of the Sri Lanka leg were expected to be today’s (January 14) canonisation of Blessed Joseph Vaz as the country’s first saint and, later the same day, a pilgrimage to the shrine of Our Lady of Madhu, which served as a sanctuary for refugees during the civil war.